Posted on: August 22, 2021 Posted by: Jacqueline Comments: 0

There’s good news for the matte and shiny-faced among us. Are you sick and tired of your makeup running down your face? Look at the glass half filled: while dry-skinned women are paying big bucks for that Maldives’ glow, Mother Nature gave you a natural shine and radiance. Dry and oily skin are different in terms of texture, feel, and look. Oily skin produces excess oil, while dry-skin produces dead cells and flakes on the top layer. Also, oily skin has more anti-aging properties compared to dry skin. 

The main difference between oily and dry skin is that dry skin is thinner and has fewer pores. Oily skin has large pores and its layers are thick. Compared to dry skin, oily skin survives cold weather much better. 

A perfect routine, carefully picked beauty products, and a large dose of self-confidence will help you make your dry or oily skin look amazing. Read on to find out how to determine your skin type, the pros and cons of each skin type and what products are best used for each skin type.

Determine Your Skin Type

There are five different skin types including normal, combination, oily, dry, and sensitive. By understanding which type of skin you have you can choose the best skin care products. 

You can determine your skin type by observation. We’ll take you through two tests you can do at home to find out what type of skin you have. It only takes 30 min. 

Common Features of Dry and Oily Skin

Dry skin is usually dull and can become rough, scaly, and flaky, It feels less elastic and more tight. Also, it’s prone to more visible wrinkles and fine lines. What’s worse, it can become irritated and itchy.

Oily skin presents an excess of sebum, which makes the skin look shiny and feel a bit greasy, especially around the T-zone (chin, nose, forehead). Oily skin also has enlarged pores, easily develops acne and it’s prone to acne blemishes. 

At Home Test: Watch and Wait

Determine what type of skin you have by simply observing how your skin reacts after cleansing. 

To begin, use a gentle cleanser to wash your face. Gently pat your face dry. 

Wait for 30 minutes.

If after half an hour your skin appears shiny all around, you most likely have oily skin. If your skin feels a bit tight and appears flaky, you most probably have dry skin. If only your T-zone shines, you’re the lucky winner of combination skin. And if your skin is comfortable and hydrated, you have normal skin.

The Blotting Sheets

Another test you can use involves blotting sheets. These pads will absorb oil and they can help you determine what’s your type of skin. 

Wash your face with a mild cleanser and pat it dry. Allow your skin to rest for about 30 minutes. 

After half an hour, press the blotting sheets over different areas of your face. Hold the sheets to the light to check for any oil markings. 

If you notice a lot of oil on all areas of your face, you have oily skin. If the sheets absorb very little or no oily, you likely have dry skin. If the sheet shines in the T-zone only, you have combination skin. And if you only have small amounts of oil from each area of your face, you’ve likely been blessed with normal skin.

What Is Dry Skin?

Dry skin has a tight feel and dull look, especially after cleansing. The older you get, you’ll notice your skin getting drier. Some skin fluctuations can be caused by hormones. 

If you have dry skin, you’re likely to develop fine wrinkles, suffer from red patches and flakes. Dry skin produces low amounts of sebum, lacks lipids, which protect the skin and has low elasticity. The dry areas around your face include the chin, the forehead, and the cheeks. 

In general, the cause of dry and itchy skin is a no-brainers: it’s the lack of proper moisture. Dry skin is caused by a skin barrier and a deficiency in the needed fats in the skin’s top layer. The top layer of our skin comprises dead cells and natural oils, which trap and keep moisture in, making your skin smooth and soft.

Dry skin or Xerosis cutis isn’t a huge concern. MedlinePlus shows dry skin occurs at all ages and it can happen to any part of your body such as face, hands, legs, and stomach. Because of the dryness, your skin may become red, itchy, and flaky. 

Issues and Remedies

Before you look into the remedies for dry skin, make sure to go through the offenders, which may be causing the dryness. According to Harvard Health, if you care for your skin, you’ll see improvements in a couple of weeks. 

Fragrance can cause skin irritation or it can worsen it. Avoid skin-care products which contain fragrance and deodorants. Fragrance is a source for contact dermatitis. Your skin might react over time or at the very first time, as the Cleveland Clinic shows. So, “fragrance-free” is your best friend. 

Soap could substract moisture from the scalp and skin. Shampoos and many soaps could sap moisture from your skin because they’re made to remove oil. Carefully buy your face and body wash or laundry detergents. Stay away from harsh detergents and fabric softeners i you have dry skin. Try a gentle laundry soap. 

Your genetics may affect your risk of dry skin. One more thing you can blame your parents for. According to researchers, you could inherit dry skin. A study shows that modifications of genes which regulate the production of the filaggrin protein, can cause many skin conditions. 

Hard water could block your skin from absorbing moisturizers. Hard water contains high doses of calcium and magnesium, which can form a film on your skin, that causes dryness.

Acne medication and retinol can cause dryness of your sin. Although salicylic acid can be amazing at treating your acne, it can also dry your skin. Retinol loosens the cells’ connections on the surface. But don’t worry. You just have to cut back a bit on their use from every day to every other day. Use a gentle cleanser.

Indoors and outdoor air could increase your symptoms of dry skin. Sometimes, forced air can lower humidity levels, and make your skin itchy and dry. Restore moisture in the air inside your home with a humidifier. Also a gentle 1 percent hydrocortisone cream is good to have around. The cream reduces swelling, itching, and redness. 

Excessive handwashing can cause irritation of your skin. Try using lukewarm water, avoid soaps with alcohol-based ingredients, and don’t rub your hands on towels. Apply an ointment after each wash.

Aging can cause skin dryness. According to the Mayo Clinic, people over 40 years old have a higher risk of experiencing dry skin. Women could be experiencing dry skin because of the hormone imbalances caused by menopause. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, moisturizing is the best and quickest fix. 

What Is Oily Skin?

Oily skin is in fact shiny skin, especially in the chin, nose, and forehead areas. Your skin may have large pores and it’s prone to acne and blackhead breakouts. These outbreaks are caused by the overproduction of your sebaceous glands. 

The good news is that if oily skin ages better compared to dry skin thanks to the oils which maintain the skin plump. Oily skin will allow less wrinkles to form. Most young women have oily skin but as they age, their skin will become drier. 

Issues and Remedies

Do you notice your skin’s extra shine? Under each pore there’s a sebaceous gland, which produces sebum. This oil keeps your skin healthy and hydrated. But in some people, the glands tend to overproduce oil, which creates oily skin. 

The causes of oily skin include environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors. Although you may never get rid of oily skin, you can turn down the dial a notch with a few hacks. 

Usually oily skin tends to be inherited. If any one of your parents has oily skin, you may likely have oily skin. 

With age, your skin produces less sebum. As you get older, your skin loses collagen and your sebaceous glands will slow down oil production. It’s when wrinkles and fine lines become noticeable. 

Although genetics and your age influence your oily skin, the time of the year and where you live can also affect your skin. In humid and hot climates, people tend to have oilier skin. Also, you’re more likely to have oily skin during the summer season. Just adjust your daily skin care routine to keep things in check. 

Larger pores produce more sebum. Sometimes your pores can enlarge because of weight fluctuations, previous acne or blackhead breakouts, or simply due to your age. Although you can’t shrink your pores, you can blot the areas of your face which shows enlarged pores. 

Using the wrong products on your skin can cause oily skin. Some people confuse oily and combination skin and may use heavier creams. You may need to change up your skin care products for the summer season with gel-based cleansers and lighter moisturizers. 

But don’t overdo your skin care routine. Exfoliating and washing your face too often can cause oily skin. You’ll wash away too much of your skin’s oil. So, your oil producing glands will go full speed ahead in emergency mode. Simply wash your face twice a day.

The Main Differences Between Oily and Dry Skin

1. Dry skin has less anti-aging properties than oily skin.

2. Dry skin is caused by low levels of sebum production while oily skin happens because of high sebum production. 

3. Oil-based products work best on dry skin, while water-based products work better on oily skin.

4. During the colder months, dry skin suffers. Oily skin suffers during the hotter months. 

5. While dry skin needs frequent moisturizing, oily skin needs less. 

6. Dry skin needs exfoliation, while oily skin doesn’t.

7. Dry skin requires more sunscreen protection, while oily skin needs less.

8. Dry skin can flake, while oily skin flakes rarely occur.

9. Dry skin is prone towards redness, while oily skin is prone to dark spots.

10. Dry skin is prone for aging, while oily skin ages slower.

12. Dry skin is prone to sunburns, while oily skin is protected from sun damage.


The best thing you can do for your oily or dry skin is maintain a healthy diet, get good quality sleep, don’t smoke, and use sunscreen. Also, hyaluronic-based skin care products are amazing to keep those wrinkles at bay. 

Genetically, because dry skin is thinner and has smaller pores, wrinkles appear faster. On the other hand, oily skin is thicker and has larger pores. This offers your skin extra padding and keeps fine lines and wrinkles away. 

Oily skin has less fine lines in the forehead areas. It’s thicker where you have more sebaceous glands, so forehead lines aren’t as apparent. But oily skin may develop deep lines in the lower half of your face due to loss of muscle tone. 

If you want to prevent wrinkles, try using an eye cream that contains retinol. Retinols help stimulate collagen growth and reduce fine lines. They also improve elasticity and firmness.

You should avoid using harsh chemicals such as alcohol and benzoyl peroxide on your skin. These ingredients strip off your natural oils and leave your skin feeling tight and dry. Instead, opt for gentle cleansing methods like foaming or milky lotions.

You can also use a facial mask once every week to give your skin some TLC. A mask helps remove dead cells and unclog your pores.

In addition, you can apply a serum after cleansing your face. Serums contain antioxidants and vitamins to protect against free radicals.