Posted on: August 21, 2022 Posted by: Jacqueline Comments: 0

To take care of your skin, you must know what type of skin you have. Is your skin oily, dry, combination, sensitive, or normal? Many factors determine the classification of different types of skin.

Fitzpatrick’s classification uses criteria such as the skin’s response to the sun and skin color to determine the correct type of protection factor against UV sunlight or to identify the risk of cancer. But from a cosmetic standpoint, skin can differ depending on its balance of hydration, sensitivity, and sebaceous secretion. Every type of skin has its own features and needs different care. Although genetics determines skin type, it can also be influenced by many factors and it can change. 

If you’ve ever wondered why even highly expensive skin care treatments aren’t working for you, there’s a pretty good chance they’ don’t fit your skin type. So, read on to learn more about the 5 types of healthy skin including normal, oily, dry, combination, and sensitive. You’ll also find out how to identify your skin type at home.

Why Does it Matter?

Before you try out new skin care products, you should know your skin type and about the many factors which influence your skin’s feel and look. Other factors, which influence the well-being of your skin include your skin’s complexion, your diet, vitamin supplements, the time you spend in the sun, and your skin care goals. 

What Are the Different Types of Skin?

The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) recognizes five types of skin including normal, dry, oily, combination, and sensitive skin. 

Normal Skin

Normal skin shows a balance of oil and water. It’s low maintenance and doesn’t feel too oily or dry. The scientific-term for normal skin is eudermic. Even if your T-Zone (nose, chin, and forehead) may seem a bit oily, the overall moisture and sebum is balanced. 

You have normal skin if you don’t experience breakouts, your skin doesn’t react negatively to weather changes or new products and you don’t need to constantly moisturize or clear oily from your face.

Normal skin has excellent blood circulation, a smooth texture, uniform color transparency, fine pores and no blemishes. Also, your skin has minimal fine lines, wrinkles and it’s firm. 

Skin Care Tips

With normal skin, you’ll experience no dryness, oiliness, or sensitivity. You’re lucky that your skin tolerates most ingredients. You can use most beauty products, cleansers, masks, and moisturizes to find out what works for you. Because your normal skin won’t easily irritate you can test the waters with many skin care products.

With a regular skin care routine, your skin should stay in great shape. During the summer try an oily skin regimen and a dry skin regimen during the drier and colder months. 

Oily Skin

Oily skin has a heightened sebum production level, known as seborrhea. If your skin always seem to be glowing, you use mattifying sheets, and makeup products won’t stay put, you likely have oily skin. Over production of sebum may be caused by genetics, medication, stress, hormonal imbalances, and comedogenic cosmetics. 

Oily skin includes features such as clearly visible, enlarged pores and a glossy shine. It’s prone to comedones and to different types of acne. With mild acne, you’ll experience some comedones on the face, neck, back, shoulders, and chest. But in severe cases, pustules and papules appear as well as inflammation of the skin. 

Skin Care Tips

With oily skin, your priority is to control the shine. Look for powerful cleansers because your skin can tolerate them and they help prevent acne. Great choices include glycolic acid, salicylic acid, and retinol. Moisturizers should include gel-based and lightweight lotions. Non-comedogenic products are a good fit for oily skin because they don’t clog your pores. 

Dry or Dehydrated Skin

Dehydration and dryness are two different concerns with similar symptoms. You can easily identify them in your skin. 

A lack of oil in your skin determines dryness. The symptoms include itchiness, flakiness, and sensitivity. Factors such as your environment and lifestyle or a chronic condition may cause dryness.

Not enough moisture retention determines dehydration. Dehydrated skin feels tight, shows small and fine lines when you pinch it together and it has a papery look. 

Dry skin (Xerosis) produces low levels of sebum, meaning it doesn’t have the lipids needed to retain moisture and protect you from external harmful factors. Dry skin loses water through perspiration and through trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). TEWL is a natural way in which your skin daily diffuses about 500 ml of water from the deep skin layers. 

Dry skin presents different degrees of dryness including mild, very dry, and extremely dry. Mildly dry skin can feel brittle and rough and has low elasticity. Very dry skin may develop flaky patches, a rough appearance, and itches. You may have extremely dry skin on your feet, elbows, hands or knees. These areas are prone to cracks, scaling, roughness, and calluses. 

Skin Care Tips

To care for dry skin, you should seal in moisture with a rich moisturizer a couple of times every day, especially after showers. Use gentle skin cleansers, which don’t foam. Look out for moisturizers including ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and glycerin. 

Ditch any ingredients, which dry your skin such as alcohols, artificial fragrances, sodium chloride, salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and preservatives.

Combination Skin 

Combination skin includes areas which are dry and oily.  The distribution of sweat and sebaceous glands isn’t homogenous. Your skin may have dry areas such as around your eyes, mouth, and cheeks and an oily T-zone. You may experience blackheads, shiny skin, and pores, which seem larger than normal.

You have combination skin if you’re dealing with larger pores. You may notice the pores in oily patch areas look larger. Dead skin cells may block your pores and the excess sebum builds up and enlarges the pores. Nothing can make your pores smaller, but you can make them seem smaller by keeping them clean through regular cleansing. 

If you’re experiencing skin shine on at least part of your face, you have combination skin. The shine is usually in the T-Zone and it appears from excess oil produced by the sebaceous glands. 

Dandruff, blackheads, and whiteheads are also symptoms of combination skin. When oil is trapped in your pores it mixes with debris and dry skin cells, which cause a plug. The plug causes a blackhead when it’s open to the air. When the plug is closed it forms a whitehead. Manny women with combination skin also deal with flaky and dry patches on their scalp. 

Skin Care Tips

If you have combination skin, it may be difficult to find the exact cosmetic and skin care products. The name of the game is balance. Isolate your problem areas with spot treatments and use toners to even your skin out. Use products which offer extra moisture to your dry areas, without increasing oil and shine in other areas. Avoid cosmetic products which are alcohol-based. Also, steer clear of products which have excessive fragrance. 

The parts of your face with dry and flaky skin may become easily irritated by products, which contain fragrances. Use products, which incorporate natural ingredients and avoid chemical irritants which may cause severe breakouts. 

Try different moisturizers to find out what works for you. It can be challenging to find the right balance. How do you moisturize dry cheeks without increasing the shine of your T-Zone? It’s all a matter of experimenting. You could try cream-based moisturizers for face redness in the dry skin area around your jawline and cheeks. And try light and water-based moisturizers in the oily areas. 

Exfoliation is vital for any type of skin. It helps clear and open up clogged pores in the oily parts of your face. Also, it allows for moisture to penetrate the dry areas of your skin. You can use products, which offer chemical exfoliation or enjoy granular scrubs made to scrape off dead skin cells, which build up in your pores. 

Sensitive Skin

Genetics, environmental factors, or allergies may cause sensitive skin. The Prevalence of Sensitive Skin 2019 study showed that about 60 percent of men and 70 percent of women have a degree of sensitive skin. It can be caused by extremely dry or damaged skin, which has a higher risk of negative reactions.

Signs of sensitive skin include ruddy or red complexion, toleration of mild skin products, itchiness, burns, bad reactions to fragrance, irritations, dryness, flakiness. Frequent rashes, bumps, and stinging after using standard skin care products are also signs of sensitive skin. 

Skin Care Tips

Stick to mild and gentle cleaners if you have sensitive skin. Be careful when you chose cosmetics, because your skin easily irritates. Active fragrances and ingredients can sting your sensitive skin. Pay attention to anti-aging ingredients such as retinoids. Check out products with few additives and look for healing, anti-inflammatory, or calming properties. Also, when you use the wrong products, even if your skin isn’t sensitive, you can sensitize it.  

Wrapping It Up

When buying new skin care products consider your skin type and other factors which contribute to the feel and appearance of your skin. You’ll sort through the right products for your type of skin. The key is choosing the right products.

No matter what type of skin you’re dealing with, look your best by incorporating the basics of skin care into your daily routine. You should use a wide range of sunscreen, which blocks UVB and UVA rays, avoid direct sunlight, stay hydrated and moisturize.